(Students may identify various principles, including the following: Choosing to hide our sins can lead us to commit further sins. Some members of the wagon train threatened to join the incoming government troops against the Saints. mormonnewsroom.org/article/150th-anniversary-of-mountain-meadows-massacre, “Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,”, “150th Anniversary of Mountain Meadows Massacre,”, “Forgiveness Will Change Bitterness to Love,”. … No doubt Divine Justice will impose appropriate punishment upon those responsible for the massacre. …. Some of the emigrants were killed or wounded, and the remainder fought off their attackers, forcing Lee and the Indians to retreat. Massacre at Mountain Meadows, by Ronald W. Walker, Richard E. Turley, Glen M. Leonard (2008) The Utah War and the Mountain Meadows Massacre Growing Tension Led to the Utah War Three years after the first Latter-day Saint pioneers reached the Salt Lake Valley, the United States government organized the Utah Territory and appointed Brigham Young as the first governor over the territory. Enacting this plan, John D. Lee approached the emigrants and said the militia would protect them from further attacks by guiding them safely back to Cedar City. But when I looked at it, I don’t think that was the motive. All of Europe is haunted. Osprey will be working from home from Tuesday 17th March. “… May the God of Heaven, whose sons and daughters we all are, bless us to honor those who died here by extending to one another the pure love and spirit of forgiveness which His Only Begotten Son personified” (“150th Anniversary of Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Sept. 11, 2007, mormonnewsroom.org/article/150th-anniversary-of-mountain-meadows-massacre). Quite a lot of the perpetrators eventually come out and say why this happened as well as local people. One can also look at the centuries-long Arab-Israeli conflict, or Northern-Ireland/Great Britain conflict, or Chinese-Japanese historic warring to see that lots of descendants feel their ancestors were wronged and feel pain for these injustices. Two additional attacks followed during a five-day siege on the wagon train. 150th Anniversary of the Mountain Meadows Massacre. On September 11, 1857, some 50 to 60 local militiamen in southern Utah, aided by American Indian allies, massacred about 120 emigrants who were traveling by wagon to California. In contrast, Church and territory leaders in Salt Lake City resolved the conflict with the United States government through peace talks and negotiations in 1858. It infuriates me that certain Mormans try to gloss over it as if it never happened. I think it was a wise step. Anyone. The emigrants also came into conflict with Saints who did not want the wagon train’s large numbers of horses and cattle to consume food and water resources the Saints needed for their own animals. Native Americans in Great Basin. Learn how your comment data is processed. Is it true that Mormons sought revenge for the Haun’s Mill and Pratt’s murder? Did not hear about MMM until the internet. When mentioning Native Americans, the Baker family were part Cherokee and already had experienced trials and tribulations. Second, the consequence of losing that objective was exaggerated. Invite students to think of times when they have experienced conflict with another person or a group of people. (After students respond, you may want to write the following principle on the board: We can develop strong testimonies by building our faith on the foundation of Jesus Christ.). Although it runs deeper than that (which I’ll get to), part of his thinking appears to be that “if they do this to us, then I’ll do the same thing to them”, ignoring the fact that the victims of his crime had nothing to do with the crimes he obsessed over. I think there are at least two things in common between this atrocity, the Christchurch shootings, and just about every other massacre not committed by a state. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Barbara: A memorial from Utah’s legislature [was sent to Washington] saying, “Look, if you keep sending us federal officials that we don’t like, that we don’t agree with, we’re going to send them away. Barbara Jones-Brown tells about these events that led to the greatest atrocity in American history up to that point in 1857. Just a few months after Pratt’s death, around 100 immigrants from Arkansas were killed. The other man escaped and brought news to the wagon camp that white men were involved in the attacks against them. By some reports, the monument was destroyed in 1861, when Young brought an entourage to Mountain Meadows. September Dawn a film by Christopher Cain (2007) News of the approaching army caused some Saints to worry that such events might also occur in Utah. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. So you see, one atrocity leads to another, and to another, and to another, and it never ends until enough people say “enough” and the past is the past; just stop keeping score. American Massacre: The Tragedy At Mountain Meadows, September 1857, by Sally Denton (2003) However, because Salt Lake City is approximately 250 miles from Cedar City, it would require about a week of hard riding on horseback for the messenger to reach Salt Lake City and return to Cedar City with President Young’s instructions. Not surprised as to Haun’s Mill and Pratt, but not seeking revenge for those events is a far cry from those events being a part (with many others) of the background of suspicion that led credence to then current rumors about the Arkansas travelers. (2) I’m no legal expert, so I’ll take your word for it. Mike, for being a worn-out topic, you left an awfully long comment! I think we can also attempt to find what we have in common with each other by actually meeting people who you might tend to view as “other”. Check out those other links and notes below while you’re at it, and have a great day! Here are my reasons. The horrific crime, which spared only 17 children age six and under, occurred in a highland valley called the Mountain Meadows, roughly 35 miles southwest of Cedar City. They shut down my old buddies, our defensive fanatics and they stake out common ground for thoughtful discussion to begin. Ask the class to follow along, looking for a principle Jesus Christ taught that can guide us when we experience tension with others. An emigrant wagon train traveling west from Arkansas to California entered Utah just as Latter-day Saints were preparing to defend the territory against the coming United States troops. Invite a few students to take turns reading aloud the handout section titled “Attack on the Emigrants,” and invite students to look for how Cedar City leaders continued to make sinful choices after ignoring the counsel they had received. MacKinnon: The Utah War and Its Mountain Meadows 133 latter campaign the Civil War was repackaged by former Confederates as the “War Between the States,” a conflict fought not to preserve chattel slavery, but rather for a higher motive—to protect a noble, agrarian way of life from the onslaught of the grasping, materialistic industrialists of the North. https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/2007/09/the-mountain-meadows-massacre?lang=eng. Pretty ethnocentric of host and interviewee. PS: I can’t stop without at least mentioning the many spin off ideas; my favorite is the question of whether the execution of John D. Lee was a sham and he escaped or not. Three years after the first Latter-day Saint pioneers reached the Salt Lake Valley, the United States government organized the Utah Territory and appointed Brigham Young as the first governor over the territory. It takes some twisted and evil thinking to get to that point, but it’s a common line of thinking that strongly ties one’s own identity with a group and similarly lumps others into a group. (As students respond, write a principle similar to the following on the board: If we resolve conflict with others in the Lord’s way, then we can avoid the harmful effects of contention.). First is the tendency to group people by shared characteristics, and then make every member of that group responsible or accountable for the actions of any other member of that group. United States President James Buchanan sent approximately 2,500 troops to Salt Lake City to accompany a new governor safely to Utah and to put down what he thought was a rebellion among the Saints. Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Mountain Meadows Massacre. (Students might mention that the Saints had been violently driven from Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois; many had lost valued possessions and land; and some had been killed or had died during these persecutions. Other militiamen who carried out the massacre labored the rest of their lives under a horrible sense of guilt and recurring nightmares of what they had done and seen” (Richard E. Turley Jr., “The Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Ensign, Sept. 2007, 20). Please choose appointees that are from among us and represent our values.” Basically one legislator said it was practically a declaration of independence. (2008). There is some evidence for it. © 2015 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Ask the class to follow along, looking for what we can do to develop and maintain our testimonies so that during difficult times, such as when we learn of instances when Church members have failed to live according to the teachings of Jesus Christ, our faith will not be shaken. You might also point out that there is great wisdom in the system of councils by which the Church is governed.). The shooter is Australian, and for 20 years the right of politics here has been using immigration, and particularly muslim immigration, as part of their strategy for success. The Mountain Meadows Massacre not only resulted in the deaths of about 120 victims, but it also caused great suffering to the surviving children and other relatives of the victims. How would you summarize the choices that led to the Mountain Meadows Massacre? In September 1857, some Latter-day Saints in southern Utah Territory and members of an emigrant wagon train on their way to California came into conflict, and the Latter-day Saints, motivated by anger and fear, planned and carried out the massacre of about 120 emigrants. Driving them out (as from Missouri) wasn’t sufficient. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. ( Log Out /  ), Invite a student to read aloud the handout section titled “Preparing to Defend the Territory.”. racial epithets hurled by fans against Oklahoma City’s Russell Westbrook, https://bleacherreport.com/articles/2826169-look-donovan-mitchell-jazz-and-nets-players-wear-t-shirts-denouncing-racism, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_Meadows_Massacre, https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/2007/09/the-mountain-meadows-massacre?lang=eng. “When Haight read Young’s words, he sobbed like a child and could manage only the words, ‘Too late, too late’” (Richard E. Turley Jr., “The Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Ensign, Sept. 2007, 20). Once that episode is up we’ll link it in the description. I have Morman friends that I love and do not blame them. Why is it important to realize that the wrong actions of some Church members do not determine the truthfulness of the gospel? Do you confess what you have done wrong and receive the consequences, or do you try to hide the sin through deception? To help students understand this phrase, you may want to ask a student to read aloud the following statement by Elder David E. Sorensen of the Seventy: “The Savior said, ‘Agree with thine adversary quickly … ,’ thus commanding us to resolve our differences early on, lest the passions of the moment escalate into physical or emotional cruelty, and we fall captive to our anger” (“Forgiveness Will Change Bitterness to Love,” Ensign or Liahona, May 2003, 11). You fight racism with solidarity.” It was truly a classy gesture by the 2nd year player, and a wonderful lesson to all of us. Federal troops came to Utah in 1857 creating great anxiety among the Mormons. Invite students to ponder the following questions: What do you do when you do something wrong? The Utah War. I found this recently through genealogy studies. Chompers, yes children of survivors do feel pain, anger and sadness. I don’t know any easy answers, but I do think that learning to see people as individuals instead of members of a group can help. (They could confess what they had done and receive the consequences, or they could try to hide their crimes and sins.). I’m a little confused how, 150 years later, descendants “…still feel pain; I still feel anger and sadness that the massacre happened.” I mean, it was an horrible tragedy (regardless of how and why), but a great-grandson of one of the child survivors feels pain, anger and sadness 150 years after the event? Led by Captains John T. Baker and Alexander Fancher, a California-bound wagon train from Arkansas camped in this valley in the late summer of 1857 during the time of the so-called Utah War. Display a map similar to the one shown here, or draw one on the board. They feared that the troops might expel the Saints from Utah, as they had previously been driven from Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. Lee led the attack but concealed his identity so that it would appear that only the Indians were involved. During the 1850s, tension and miscommunication between Latter-day Saints and officials of the United States government led to the Utah War of 1857–58. Barbara Jones Brown says the Pratt murder and Haun's Mill Massacre played virtually no role in Mountain Meadows Massacre. … Brother Sanders … said that learning his ancestor had been killed in the massacre ‘didn’t affect my faith because it’s based on Jesus Christ, not on any person in the Church’” (Richard E. Turley Jr., “The Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Ensign, Sept. 2007, 21). Novak, Shannon A., and Derinna Kopp. This massive slaughter claimed nearly everyone in the party from Arkansas and is the event referred to as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. It was sad to see Utahns react poorly to Westbrook. ( Log Out /  Some of the federal officials believed that the Saints’ actions and attitudes meant that they were in rebellion against the United States government. If you didn’t grow up in Utah, you’ve probably never heard of the Utah War. Not everyone has the same background as you, and this post is for people to whom the information is new. Saying he had not, Haight agreed to send a messenger, James Haslam, to Salt Lake City with a letter explaining the situation and asking what should be done. As the Baker-Fancher train camped at Mountain Meadows, some of the residents of Cedar City and the surrounding areas determined that some action needed to be taken against the emigrants. The Utah State Division of Parks and Recreation is now responsible for its maintenance. ( Log Out /  Today, the site of the Mountain Meadow Massacre is said to be haunted. Barbara: Yeah. This war footing led to the Mountain Meadows Massacre, the lowest point in Mormon history. The shirts showed grasping hands between a black and white person with the words: “You don’t fight racism with racism. As a direct descendant of the Bakers and indirect descendant of the Fanchers, I am still mad it happened. What principles can we learn from this tragedy? Mountain Meadows Massacre: A Story of Allred Descendants Who Survived by Linda Allred Cooper Allred Lineage for Emberson and William Tackitt: Armilda Miller, Sarah Allred, John Allred, Solomon Allred, Solomon Allred About 35 miles southwest of Cedar City, Utah, is … The monuments memorialize the victims of a horrific massacre that took place there. But the movie was poorly done and a complete flop. I also teach college statistics, freelance with many television networks. How should we respond when we learn of instances when Church members have failed to live according to the teachings of Jesus Christ? Scopri Massacre at Mountain Meadows: An American Tragedy di Walker, Ronald W., Turley, Richard E., Leonard, Glen M.: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. We plan to continue all our operations, while reducing risk of infection by having staff work from home. Isaac Haight asked John D. Lee, a local Church member and militia major, to lead this attack, and the two planned to blame Indians for the deed. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Yes Ji, we can choose to let go of the offense as grandchildren perhaps, but opportunist politicians often dog whistle the past to create a power base. Isaac Haight, the Cedar City mayor, militia major, and stake president, requested permission from the militia commander, who lived in the nearby settlement of Parowan, to call out the militia to confront the offenders from the wagon train. “Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,” Gospel Topics, lds.org/topics. The emigrants quickly pulled their wagons into a tight circle, or corral, for protection. On September 11, 1857, one of the most horrific massacres in U.S. history occurred in Southern Utah. How would you summarize the Savior’s teaching in 3 Nephi 12:25? Some members of the wagon train became frustrated because they had a difficult time purchasing much-needed grain from the Saints, who had been instructed to save their grain. At left, the Gravesite Memorial in southwestern Utah … So they’re running off their cattle, they’re burning the grass in front of them. Were you surprised to hear Brown downplay Pratt and Haun’s Mill in the Mountain Meadows Massacre? Choosing to hide our sins can bring regret and suffering.). When the US Army came there a few years later and saw all the bones, for no one had been buried (if I remember right), they were very angry and determined to kill ALL of the Mormons. At one point, Cedar City militiamen became aware of two emigrant men who were outside the wagon corral. The heightened anxiety brought on by rumors swirling about the train, the advancing federal troops, the drought that many had suffered through for the year, and the memories of violence in Missouri and Illinois all combined in an explosive atmosphere, yet the residents were unclear on what action they should tak… The Mountain Meadows massacre was a mass slaughter of the Fancher-Baker emigrant wagon train at Mountain Meadows, Utah Territory, by the local Mormon militia on 11 September 1857. Utah had only been an American territory for seven years. One can look not only at the question of reparations for slavery here in the USA to see that systemic racism not only bothers them, but has caused tremendous harm to their descendants. This wagon train was comprised of good people who were strong Christians and celebrated the Sabbath every week, even while on their trek to California. Much of the dis-ease that we see in the UK at present is about these uneasy ghosts, and indeed throughout Europe. I have wondered what I would have done in those days. Salt Lake City: Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, 2002. I thought this topic was pretty much worn out. As governor of the Utah Territory, he also directed the territory’s militia to prepare to defend the territory. Novak, Shannon A. The attacks culminated on September 11, 1857, with the mass slaughter of most in the emigrant party by members of the Utah Territorial Militia from the Iron County district, together with some Paiute Native Americans. Merely saying that, of course, doesn’t solve the problem of psychopaths who already believe it, but I think we can catch ourselves falling into these traps of bad thinking. I had a professor at BYU who often mentioned that we are kinder when we see the “truth” about people, tying the definition of truth to the way things really are, and the things they really will be. Was the Mountain Meadows Massacre the result of previous persecution against Mormons? (If you ignore that it is a coded response and we don’t know what it is responding to- because that letter was destroyed- “to save the reputation of the church.”) Don’t forget, the Paiutes played little if any role. What can we do to build solidarity in our communities? President Henry B. Eyring of the First Presidency said: “The responsibility for the [Mountain Meadows Massacre] lies with local leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the regions near Mountain Meadows who also held civic and military positions and with members of the Church acting under their direction. …, “… The gospel of Jesus Christ that we espouse, abhors the cold-blooded killing of men, women, and children. Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows, by Will Bagley (2002) One need go no further than the opposite end of the state of Utah (before accurate surveys moved the towns of Franklin and Preston from Utah to Idaho) and 6 years later to encounter the much less know Bear River massacre of hundreds of Shoshone Indians. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Saints wanted to be governed by leaders of their own choosing and had rejected federal appointees who did not share their values, some of whom were dishonest, corrupt, and immoral. Mountain Meadows will forever be remembered as a place where something dark and evil happened. Clearly there are far too many massacres and mass shootings. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2008. House of Mourning: A Biocultural History of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, by Shannon A. Novak. The Utah War and Its Mountain Meadows Massacre: Lessons Learned, Surprises Encountered William P. MacKinnon FARMS Review 20/2 (2008): 237–51. We can’t read people’s minds and know what is in their hearts, so the only thing we know for sure about a person is that they really are a child of God. Change ). You can’t find a single Mormon that ever said that. The Mountain Meadows massacre was a series of attacks on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train at Mountain Meadows in southern Utah. The Mountain Meadows Massacre. Barbara Jones Brown tells about these events that led to the greatest atrocity in American history up to that point in … The Mountain Meadows Massacre summary: A series of attacks was staged on the Baker-Fancher wagon train around Mountain Meadows in Utah. Thanks, Rick. Being anti gay marriage has this consequence in Aus. Gospel Tangents, History, LDS, Morality, Mormon, Mormon & Crime, Mormon Culture, Violence. The Aftermath of Mountain Meadows The massacre almost brought the United States to war against the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, … In previous years, disagreements and miscommunication had resulted in growing tension between the Latter-day Saints and officials of the United States government. Wilford Woodruff, who later became President of the Church, claimed that upon re… Likewise, the perpetrator of the Christchurch terrorist attack appears to have been obsessed with attacks by Islamist militants. Our SP said in conference we should only put positive stuff on social media, which is very gentle, very subtle, and can be used against someone questioning muslim hate, as much as those spreading it. It’s hard to hate those you really know. How could those who plotted to harm the members of the wagon train have applied this principle? The militiamen fired on them, killing one. They are burning their supply wagons, doing everything they can to try and get the troops to be stopped on the plains that year. We are complicit to this extent. (After students respond, write the following principle on the board: If we ignore counsel to do what is right, then we become more susceptible to making poor and even sinful choices. More than almost any other event of Mormon history, this massacre has incited so much lying and exaggerating and denying on all sides to the point that it becomes larger than the original event. And the general references in that article . One (Orme)offered him his gun, horse etc when he left town and the other one (steward) who was a childhood friend from New York Went and retrieved his body and gave him a Christian burial in a hand carved coffin he made. Barbara: So I looked at that theory and all I can find is proximate cause, meaning, so okay, this happened in Arkansas, therefore these people were from Arkansas, therefore that must be the reason. Yes, It has been documented that a lot of the money(gold), wagons, oxen , horses and cattle ended up in his nest. House of Mourning: A Biocultural History of the Mountain Meadows Massacre. What was done [at the Mountain Meadows] long ago by members of our Church represents a terrible and inexcusable departure from Christian teaching and conduct. In 1859, federal officials took custody of these children and returned them to relatives in Arkansas. It gets to the point of telling the story of the story. And just four months earlier, Parley P. Pratt, a beloved Mormon apostle was killed May 13, 1857 in Arkansas. Killing innocents will always make me mad, make me hurt whether I am related to them or not. I visited the site of the Mountain Meadows Massacre a few years ago. Federal troops came to Utah in 1857 creating great anxiety among the Mormons. That makes it okay to massacre, lie, rape and steal?..then blame the injuns? The only group that we need to associate people with is as a member of the human family. Richard E. Turley Jr., “The Mountain Meadows Massacre,” Ensign, Sept. 2007, 17–21. These heightened tensions contributed to Mormons in Utah committing the worst war atrocity in U.S. history up to that time in 1857. Really? Unfortunately history repeats itself much too often. This Utah Massacre Site Is Among The Most Haunted Places In The Nation. 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