Judas, on the other hand, stands as a warning about the evil potential of spiritual carelessness, squandered opportunity, sinful lusts, and hardness of the heart. During his three years of exile in Arabia he was personally taught by Jesus (Acts 9:20 - 25, Galatians 1:11 - 12, 15 - 18). Here he is called the apostle “of our confession,” of our faith itself. Peter’s name is mentioned far more in the New Testament than any other of the disciples. He was able to hire enough servants to help with his fishing business. (Matthew 10:2-4, emphasis added), And He said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Matthew 4:19). It is significant that he is never mentioned without some reference to his great betrayal. You can read of Judas's betrayal and death in Matthew 26-27 and Acts 1. 4. There he healed the King of Edessa, Abgar. Simon: called Peter (Grk. Answer: Thaddeus was one of the original twelve disciples chosen by Jesus Christ. The history of the apostles does start in the books of the Bible. Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? The genealogies of the original 12 disciples of Jesus were most important to the scholars of the day. I chose you. petros, petra; Aram. Meaning of Name and Relationships: Petros meaning “Rock”. They later settled in a home together in the town of Capernaum. Tradition strongly suggests that Thomas started the Christian church in India. Jesus said to them, "But whom do you say that I am?" Andrew isn’t mentioned much in the Bible—and there’s even less information available about the circumstances of his death. The twelve apostles, the twelve companions of Jesus were known as the twelve followers, disciples or apostles. Christ purposely passed over the elite, aristocratic, and influential men of society and chose mostly the men from the dregs of society. According to the Bible, of all the twelve disciples of Jesus, it was Peter, James and John who were the closest to Jesus Christ. In Revelation 21:14 we are told that the twelve foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem will have in them the names of the twelve disciples/apostles. Initially He selected 12 to accompany Him, also known as apostles (Mark 3:14-19) and later appointed other seventy (Luke 10:1). But here’s what National Geographic has to say about it: Many scholars identify him with Nathaniel. The next day he calls his disciples to him and chooses 12 of his disciples as apostles. Some suggest being run through by a spear killed him, ironically, similar to Jesus being pierced by a spear. According to the list occurring in each of the Synoptic Gospels (Mark 3:13-19, Matthew 10:1-4, Luke 6:12-16), the Twelve chosen by Jesus near the beginning of his ministry, those whom also He named Apostles, were . The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons To complicate matters, Scripture refers to … Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). A Thief. Twelve men responded to the call. Twelve Apostles. Article Images Copyright ©. In the New Testament St.  Simon the Zealot is sometimes called Simon the Zealot because of the zeal he showed for the Mosaic law which he practiced before his call. Judas Iscariot, the Traitor, and His Replacement. Known as the “disciple Jesus loved,” he was also a part of the inner three. His Hebrew name was … Philip was stoned and crucified in Hierapolis, Phrygia. John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life The Limits of Satan in this World At this point in his life he fulfilled the same basic criteria the original disciples did in regard to being considered an apostle. And when day came, He called His disciples to Him and chose twelve of them, whom He also named apostles. The earliest church that traces to the 12 apostles known as the Ebion -- the Poor -- did exclude Paul from canon -- a well-known fact that is generally ignored. It is related (Acts 1:15-26) that in the days following the Ascension, Peter proposed to the assembled brethren, who numbered one hundred and twenty, that they choose one to fill the place of the traitor Judas in the Apostolate. The Gospel of Thomas focuses much more on Jesus as the hidden mystery, and even includes a “Confession” story much like the one in the Gospel of Mark (8:27) in which Jesus asks his disciples who they think he is: [13] “Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Compare me to something and tell me what I am like.’ Simon, the brother of Andrew, more generally known as Peter, was a  fisherman from the Sea of Galilee. Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles. Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? Additional Biblical evidence exists … Each of them were major leaders in the movement which became Christianity and helped spread the gospel throughout the world. Thomas speaks up. But he was a man of fierce loyalties, amazing passion, courage, and zeal. In all four lists the names of Peter and Andrew, James and John form the first group, a prominent and chosen group; especially Peter, James, and John. As one of the Twelve, Andrew was admitted to the closest familiarity with Our Lord during His public life; he was present at the Last Supper; beheld the risen Lord; witnessed the Ascension; shared in the graces and gifts of the first Pentecost, and helped, amid threats and persecution, to establish the Faith in Palestine. The 12 Apostles were the foundation of Jesus’ church and many of them wrote portions of the Bible. The disciples, sometimes called apostles, of Jesus, came from a variety of backgrounds. Some speculate around the same time as Paul was being beheaded. Who was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? The Lord Jesus had many followers during His earthly ministry, and many more have chosen to do so in the centuries following. St John the Evangelist. 5 Things to Know About Luke from the Bible (Gal. The Bible Story of Joseph In Scripture, James is listed before his younger brother John, yet he remains somewhat obscure except for the fact he is part of Jesus’ inner three. Judas Iscariot might be one of the most recognizable of the 12 disciples as he's the one who betrayed Jesus. For one, Thaddeus is hardly mentioned in the Bible. Judas served as the treasurer in Jesus' band, and John 12:4-6 identifies him as a thief and … 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Paul from the Bible Philip was present at the miracle of the loaves and fishes, when he engaged in a brief dialogue with the Lord, and was the Apostle approached by the Hellenistic Jews from Bethsaida to introduce them to Jesus. He was trained and used by Christ in a powerful way to further the Kingdom of God. Simon was probably a political activist in his younger years. The original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ have sacrificed and given so much of their lives in advocating Christ’s Gospel. kēf; Engl. Jesus selects the six named at the outset, as well as Matthew, whom Jesus called from the tax office. After the Resurrection John with Peter was the first of the disciples to hasten to the grave and he was the first to believe that Christ had truly risen (John, xx, 2-10). His devotion to Christ is further displayed when Jesus told the disciples that He was going to go away and prepare a place for them. He was exiled to the island of Patmos under Domitian, but after his death, John was allowed to return to Ephesus where he governed churches in Asia until his death at about  A.D. 100. St.  James is also known as James the Lesser or James the Younger. The following is a list of the Apostles (or Desciples), the twelve original followers of Jesus Christ. Also known as Jude, Thaddeus, and Lebbaeus, Judas lived in obscurity as one of the Twelve. Simon had believed the truth and embraced Christ as his Lord. The names of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ are listed in four places in the Bible (Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:12-19, Acts 1:13).For the most part, the names are the same with minor differences due to various uses of first … Footnotes: [847] A chapter intervenes between the quotation given by Eusebius just above and the one which follows. (Matthew 26:15), “The other eleven apostles are all great encouragements to us because they exemplify how common people with typical failings can be used by God in uncommon, remarkable ways. Lazarus had died and the disciples feared for the life of Jesus and themselves if they were to go back to Bethany. After the Judas' betrayal of Jesus and death, Matthias, a long-time follower of Jesus but not one of the 12 apostles, was chosen to replace Judas. But he chose 12 men specifically and commissioned them to be his disciples. The text states that their initial instructions were to heal the sick and drive out demons. He gave Christ three years of his life, but he certainly didn’t give Him his heart, and Jesus knew this. The disciple Peter had his root name from “Petros” which interprets as “rock.” He used … In order for there to be other apostles, we would have to tear down the building again and add to the foundation. Here was a man who drew as close to the Savior as it is humanly possible to be. His encounter and call by Jesus is not recorded in Scripture. Learn about them, and how Apostles of today are testifying of Christ. He died a martyr’s death in Rome during the reign of Nero. While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. They were the commonest of the common. Ally is a former Director of Ministry to Women and former board member for Thrive Ministry. Do any denominations rank the apostles? The names of Jesus' 12 disciples are: The 12 apostles, also referred to as the 12 disciples or simply “the Twelve,” were Jesus Christ’s 12 closest followers. Nathanael may have preached in India and translated the book of Matthew into their language. It was Andrew who first introduced his older brother Peter to Jesus when they were in the wilderness with John. 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