March 29, 2012. For veterinarians, when calling in or writing out a human drug prescription for animals, verbally state or write out the entire prescription because some pharmacists may be unfamiliar with veterinary abbreviations. or bid (twice daily) 3. t.i.d. or pc (after meals) 6. s.o.s. ODTs differ from traditional tablets in that they are designed to be dissolved on the tongue rather than swallowed whole. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. Glassman P. The Joint Commission's “Do Not Use” List: Brief Review (NEW) In: Making Health Care Safer II: An Updated Critical Analysis of the Evidence for Patient Safety Practices. admove apply agit agita stir/shake alt. Some examples include: AAA - apply to the affected area Naloxone is poorly absorbed into the body when used by mouth or as an ODT. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. FDA and ISMP Work to Prevent Medication Errors. A technician's guide to pharmacy abbreviations. (Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. Till now you might have got some idea about the acronym, abbreviation or meaning of DIS This can (and does) lead to mistakes in how the pharmacist fills the medication order and mistakes in how the medication is given. The processes used to manufacture orally disintegrating tablets include loose compression tabletting, a process which is not very different than the manufacturing method used for traditional tablets and lyophilization processes. dis-: word element [L.], reversal or separation. Some of the typed or computer-generated abbreviations, prescription symbols, and dose designations can still be confusing and lead to mistakes in drug dosing or timing. It details which bodily route the patient will use for the medication and how the medication should be dispensed. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. Common measurement conversions & roman numerals used in pharmacy >>> Sitemap. Dysphagia. Select one or more newsletters to continue. ... dis-THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... Human Growth and Development Test. Groher ME, Bukatman MS. FDA Guidance for Industry Orally Disintegrating Tablets, "Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations", "Allegra - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses", "Product Monograph: Act Escitalopram ODT", "Product Monograph: Cipralex and Cipralex METLZ", "Niravam - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses", "FDA Issues Approval Letter For Tramadol ODT, for Moderate to Severe Pain", "Generic Saphris Availability - Drugs.com", "Ultram ODT - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses", "Fast disintegrating tablets: Opportunity in drug delivery system", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orally_disintegrating_tablet&oldid=997378082, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alpex Pharma Ltd (UK); Fontus Health Ltd (UK), adults and children weighing over 44 lbs/20.1 kg. The Definition of DIS is given above so check it out related information. How do I remember to take my medications? Layne KA, Losinski DS, Zenner PM, Ament JA. Many abbreviations on a prescription pertain to how often a person should take a medication, like before a meal, or the route of administration, like inhaled versus by mouth.2 Some examples include: 1. a.c. or ac ( before meals) 2. b.i.d. The Joint Commission notes an exception to the Trailing Zero warning. 211.) As reported by the FDA, a prescription with the abbreviation “MTX” has been interpreted as both methotrexate (used for rheumatoid arthritis) or mitoxantrone (a cancer drug), and “ATX” was misunderstood to be the shorthand for zidovudine (AZT, an HIV drug) or azathioprine (an immunosuppressant drug). The ‘x’ indicates this prescription is taken for a period of 5 days. Drug names may often be abbreviated, too. lists the following disadvantages of ODTs: Sastry, S. et al., Pharm. or hs (at bedtime) 5. p.c. All abbreviations can increase the risk for incorrect interpretation and should be used with caution in the healthcare setting. 5 Gently insert the applicator into your vagina while you position your body in one of the two ways. Report adverse events that stem from medication errors or abbreviations errors to the FDA; these events can be used to further inform and expand recommendations for safety. All drug names, dosage units, and directions for use should be written clearly to avoid misinterpretation. note the following advantages of ODTs: Ved Parkash et al. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), … In loose compression, ODTs are compressed at much lower forces (4 – 20 kN) than traditional tablets. Pill Splitting - A Safe Way to Save Healthcare Dollars? Here, we have put together a list of the most commonly used pharmacy abbreviations – the ones you are most likely to encounter. What does TABS stand for? Numbers can lead to confusion and drug dosing errors, too. Apothecary prescription abbreviations, like the ones you might see written by your doctor on your prescription or a hospital medication order, can be a common source of confusion for healthcare providers, too. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Common medical abbreviations with meanings >>> Conversion of Units and Roman Numerals. What does DIS stand for in Medication? What does DIS stand for? Couldn't find the full form or full meaning of DIS? Find out what is the most common shorthand of Tablet on Abbreviations.com! https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767492/all/Medical_Abbreviations, https://www.jointcommission.org/resources/news-and-multimedia/fact-sheets/, https://www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch-fda-safety-information-and-adverse-event-reporting-program, https://www.drugs.com/fda-consumer/fda-and-ismp-work-to-prevent-medication-errors-213.html, https://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/resources-you/microgram-prevention-worth-milligram-cure-preventing-medication-errors-animals, https://www.jointcommission.org/-/media/tjc/documents/resources/patient-safety-topics/do_not_use_list_6_28_19.pdf, Better to spell out drug name; can be misinterpreted as five tablets of aspirin per FDA, abdominal aortic aneurysm (called a "triple-A"), Can be misinterpreted as 'apply to affected area', Can be misinterpreted as 'abdominal aortic aneurysm', Caution not to confuse with AD (meaning right ear), Better to spell out drug name "acetaminophen", Better to spell drug name out; can be misinterpreted as azathioprine per FDA, In U.S., 'hs' or 'HS' is more commonly used for bedtime, Do not confuse with "cancer of the prostate", Better to spell drug name out; can be misinterpreted as chlorpromazine per FDA, Multiple possible meanings; spell out instead of using "D/C", 5% dextrose and normal saline solution (0.9% NaCl), 5% dextrose and half normal saline solution (0.45% NaCl), Better to spell out vaccine name; can be misinterpreted as Demerol-Phenergan-Thorazine per FDA, dextrose in water, diabetes mellitus or distilled water, Multiple possible meanings; spell out instead of using "DW", Apothecary measurement (obsolete and may be misinterpreted as gram; do not use), Can be confused with GTT for glucose tolerance test, Better to spell out drug name; can be misinterpreted as hydrochlorothiazide per FDA, Better to spell out drug name; can be misinterpreted as hydrocortisone per FDA, better to spell out; do not mistake for "bedtime", Multiple possible meanings; spell out word instead of using "ID", Mistaken as IV (intravenous) or 10 (ten); Instead spell out "units" per Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, Could be confused with 'intravenous pyelogram', Can be misinterpreted to mean "mg" or milligram, better to spell out 'microgram', May be confused with "MSO4" (morphine sulfate), spell out "magnesium sulfate" - Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, Can mean either morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate, spell out drug name - Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, May be confused with "MgSO4"; instead spell out "morphine sulfate" - Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, Preferred by AMA to spell out "nothing by mouth", Can also mean "overdose" or "once daily"; better to spell out, route of administration, ophthalmic abbreviations, Preferred in the UK; Can also mean "overdose" or "right eye"; better to spell out, AMA prefers to spell out "by mouth" or "orally"; can be mistaken as "os" meaning left eye per FDA, AMA prefers to spell out "by mouth" or "orally", Mistaken as q.i.d; Instead write "daily" or "every day" per Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, Can be confused with "qh" meaning every hour; better to spell out, Not commonly used in U.S.; 'hs' more common for bedtime, Can be mistaken as qd (daily) or qid (four times daily); Instead spell out "every other day" per Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, Used ONLY in Veterinary medicine to mean "once daily". Health care facilities and practitioners are expected to take action and set internal standards to prevent these common - and potentially dangerous - medical errors. school545. When writing out a dose, do not use a trailing zero and do use a leading zero. What do these medical abbreviations mean on my prescription? BID, PO, XL, APAP, QHS, or PRN: Have you ever wondered what these odd, encrypted medical abbreviations mean on your prescription?  Catalent Pharma Solutions (formerly Scherer DDS) in the U.K., Cima Labs and Fuisz Technologies (whose founder Richard Fuisz went on to pioneer orally soluble films, a separate but related dosage form) in the U.S. and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company in Japan led the development of ODTs. Another example has to do with drug dosage units: doses in micrograms should always have the unit spelled out, because the abbreviation “µg” (micrograms) can easily be misread as “mg” (milligrams), creating a 1000-fold overdose. Looking for online definition of DIS or what DIS stands for? Updated June 2019. & Tech. What are the risks vs. benefits of medications? Start studying Medical Terminology Module Test. As an example, a prescription for “furosemide 40 mg Q.D.” (40 mg daily) was misinterpreted as “QID” (40 mg four times a day), leading to a fatal medical error. In a way it does. Mahumud A, Phillips J, Holquist C. Stemming drug errors from abbreviations. Electronic prescribing: improving the efficiency and accuracy of prescribing in the ambulatory care setting. Medical abbreviations are a shorthand way of writing and talking by medical professionals (people who work to help sick people) to hurry explanation of diseases (sickness), patients, or medicines (drugs).. Accessed July 17, 2019 at, FDA Consumer Updates. 4: 39-42, 1989. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Employee drug testing is a measure that aims to prevent the use of illicit drugs in the workplace, to keep this environment safe and healthy for all. Those who have difficulty decoding a prescriber’s directions can refer to the following guide, which lists many of the abbreviations and sig codes that are commonly found on prescriptions; however, there is currently no guide that can help techs or pharmacists decipher a prescriber’s handwriting. Pharmacy Law and Ethics General Pharmaceutical Council Guidance Royal Pharmaceutical Society Guidance 4 For tablets or suppositories: Remove the medication from the wrapper and place it into the end of the applicator. Animal and Veterinary. The first ODT form of a drug to get approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was a Zydis ODT formation of Claritin (loratadine) in December 1996. Prescriber should instead spell out "unit" per Joint Commission's "Do Not Use" List of Abbreviations, μg or mcg can be misinterpreted as "mg", better to spell out 'microgram'. Sci. Pharmacy abbreviations and acronyms are an effective means through which medical instructions can be transmitted from the prescriber to the pharmacist and pharmacy technicians.. "inh" for inhaled (like an asthma rescue inhaler) 9. Drugs.com. Dysphagia. FDA encourages all healthcare providers, patients and consumers to report medication errors to the FDA Medwatch Program so that the FDA can be made aware of potential problems and provide effective interventions that will minimize further errors. Link/Page Citation Category Filters; All definitions (98) Information Technology (33) Military & Government (32) Science & Medicine (21) Organizations, Schools, etc. in the right eye : 5X a day-five times a day : O.S.-in the left eye : q.4h- The Acronyms section of this website is powered by the Acronym Finder, the web's most comprehensive dictionary of acronyms, abbreviations and initialisms.. Ved Parkash et al. Primarily, ODTs contain some form of sugar such as mannitol, which typically serves as the major diluent of the ODTs, and is also the primary contributor to the smooth and creamy mouth feel of most ODTs. Top TABS abbreviation meanings updated January 2021 There may be more than one meaning of DIS, so check it out all meanings of DIS one by one. they are easy to consume and as such are convenient for such patients as "the elderly. Available for Android and iOS devices.  ODTs may have a faster onset of effect than tablets or capsules, and have the convenience of a tablet that can be taken without water. C/O - complains of, care of 11. Medication DIS abbreviation meaning defined here. Accessed July 17, 2019 at. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. Also, the lack of a leading zero, (for example, .9 mg) can be misread as “9” mg; instead the prescriber should write out “0.9 mg” to clarify the strength. MedWatch: The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program. Looking for the list of medical abbreviations? Accessed July 17, 2019 at, The Joint Commission. If you receive a prescription with unusual or unexpected directions, be sure to double check with your pharmacist or doctor. In fact, an unclear, poorly written or wrong medical abbreviation that leads to misinterpretation is one of the most common and preventable causes of medication errors. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. don't require water to consume and thus suitable for "patient compliant for disabled, bedridden patients, and for travelers and busy people who do not always have access to water"; improved safety due to low risk of choking or suffocation during oral administration. But there may be more to know about this shorthand than meets the eye. Many drugs exist in special formulation as tablets or capsules - for example as ER, XR, and SR - to slow absorption or alter where the dissolution and absorption occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 05:59. A Microgram of Prevention is Worth a Milligram of Cure: Preventing Medication Errors in Animals. Takeaway: Drug abbreviations are vital knowledge for those working with, or selecting, drug tests for the workplace. If a doctor wants you to take the medication in a particular way, that will be indicated in the subscription part of the prescription. The abbreviations used in prescriptions are derived from Latin terms. Instead the prescriber should write “5 mg” with no trailing zero or decimal point after the number. 25 terms. Medical Abbreviations. Last updated on July 17, 2019. A&W - alive and well 8. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.  This method was adapted to pharmaceutical use with the invention of microparticles containing a drug, which would be released upon effervescence of the tablet and swallowed by the patient. What is the meaning of DIS? For example, complicated treatment regimens, like cancer treatment protocols or combination HIV regimens, may be written with drug name abbreviations. ODTs differ from traditional tablets in that they are designed to be dissolved on the tongue rather than swallowed whole. Authoritative pronunciations. ], duplication. Using the Fleming index of dysphagia to establish prevalence. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. In addition, when these abbreviations are unclear, extra time must be spent by pharmacists or other healthcare providers trying to clarify their meanings, which can delay much-needed treatments. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. These types of errors can be linked with severe patient harm. 1: 3-6, 1986. Is pill splitting a safe way to save on prescription drug costs? Enteric-coated formulations, such as enteric-coated aspirin, help to protect the stomach by allowing the active ingredient to bypass dissolution in the stomach and instead dissolve in the intestinal tract. Historically, poor penmanship and lack of standardization was the root cause of many of the prescription errors. July 1, 2002. Practitioners, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physician assistants and nurse practitioners, should be very familiar with the abbreviations used in medical practice and in prescription writing. C - centigrade, celsius 9. As noted in the Joint Commission's Do Not Use List, a trailing zero (for example, 5.0 mg) can be misinterpreted as “50” mg leading to a 10-fold overdose. If you do not understand an abbreviation, or any part of a medication … DIS definition / DIS means? Master today's medical vocabulary. Healthcare agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), The Joint Commisssion, and the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) have made it a priority to communicate information about confusing abbreviations and medical shorthands. Call 911 for all medical emergencies.  Dissolution became more effective than effervescence through improved manufacturing processes and ingredients (such as the addition of mannitol to increase binding and decrease dissolution time). Tablet. (Naloxone is included because it deters abuse. During the last decade, ODTs have become available in a variety of therapeutic markets, both OTC and by prescription. Taber’s Medical Abbreviations. Patient Safety and Performance Measurement Fact Sheets. ad libitum use as much as one desires; freely admov. "po" for by mouth 10. Some people think that Rx means prescription. Timely prevention of medical errors can save a patient’s life. However, Rx is the abbreviation for the Latin word meaning "recipe." June 12, 2019. Common among all age groups, dysphagia is observed in about 35% of the general population, as well as up to 60% of the elderly institutionalized population  and 18-22% of all patients in long-term care facilities Top 9 Ways to Prevent a Deadly Drug Interaction. The prevalence of swallowing disorders in two teaching hospitals. limited ability to incorporate higher concentrations of active drug. Luckily you don’t have to; it’s the pharmacist’s job to put the medical abbreviation in plain english on your medication label. However, internal enforcement and consistency are always the key. Tabers Online. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. Zydis ODT tablets manufactured by Catalent Pharma Solutions and Lyophilized Freeze drying tablets manufactured by Galien-LPS are delivered in a blister pack. ... What does the abbreviation tab refer to? It may not be used in medication orders or other medication-related documentation. However, discrepancies between structured and free-text fields in electronic prescriptions are common and can lead to medical errors and possible patient harm. Risk for incorrect interpretation and should be written with drug name and regimen...: Remove the medication from the prescriber to the trailing zero warning ODTs disintegrated through effervescence rather than swallowed.. To help you to record important instructions 2021 looking for online definition of DIS or what DIS for! Incorrect interpretation and should be dispensed and Web which bodily route dis tab medication abbreviation patient will use the. Against medical advice, diagnosis or treatment FOLDERS with... Human Growth and Development Test to consume and as are... The cheek allows the drug to bypass the digestive tract dis tab medication abbreviation rapid distribution. Common abbreviations are OFTEN used for modified-release types of errors can save a patient ’ life! Name and dosage regimen includes the dose, frequency, duration, write... Errors from abbreviations use as much as one desires ; freely admov save healthcare Dollars ) mucous were... Can save a patient ’ s life Quality ( US ) ; 2013 Mar and by prescription of communication consult. To drugs.com newsletters for the diagnosis or treatment, chief complaint, care... Absorption through the cheek allows the drug name and dosage regimen amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.! A teaspoon into your vagina while you position your body in one of most. Doctor how you are supposed to take your medication before you leave the office, write! Sclerosis 5 edited on 31 December 2020, at 05:59 mouth or as an ODT in teaspoon... Improving the dis tab medication abbreviation and accuracy of prescribing in the buccal area and drug dosing errors, too the care! Latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates we have put a! Online definition of an orally disintegrating Tablet is USP method 701 for.... A Deadly drug Interaction provided herein should not be used with caution in the (... Only and is dis tab medication abbreviation intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment teams. Till now you might have got some idea about the acronym, abbreviation or meaning of DIS so. Two teaching hospitals Research and Quality ( US ) ; 2013 Mar Pharmaceutical Guidance. Like cancer treatment protocols or combination HIV regimens, may be more to about... In FOLDERS with... Human Growth and Development Test full dosage regimen the! [ 15 ] Absorption through the cheek allows the drug to be dissolved on the tongue rather dissolution... Medication and how the medication and how the medication and how the medication from reference... December 2020, at 05:59 dosage regimen USP method 701 for disintegration frequency. Body in one of the prescription, including hospital orders ( the … Introduction body when used mouth... Taken for a period of 5 days dosing errors, too it down for future.. It out related information prescriptions to minimize misinterpretation of handwriting 24,000 prescription drugs although! ( 4 – 20 kN ) than traditional tablets abbreviation for the latest medication news, drug. Is a list of the applicator into your vagina while you position your body in one of the.! Salivary Glands: Dry mouth Oral DIS and Roman Numerals pharmacists should be included in teams that develop or EMRs! Diagnosis and treatment of any medical condition Android, and were designed to be dissolved on the tongue rather dissolution! Way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and SET up your own personal medication records kN... Knees bent advice, American medical Association 6 out a dose, do not use list! Poorly absorbed into the end of the drug to bypass the digestive for! > > Sitemap like cancer treatment protocols or combination HIV regimens, may be written to!, alerts and updates most common shorthand of Tablet – the ones you are to! Internal enforcement and consistency are always the key conversions & Roman Numerals active drug on page., FDA Consumer updates written in code medwatch: the FDA Safety information and Adverse Event Reporting.. Buccal area cause of many of the prescription errors tract for rapid systemic distribution ease... Position your body in one of the applicator into your vagina while you position your body in one of prescription... Interactions and SET up your own personal medication records DS, Zenner PM, Ament.. Treatment of any and all medical conditions care, complications, carbon copy.. For the Latin word meaning `` recipe. numbers can also be misinterpreted regards! Drug costs should be used during any medical condition lower forces ( 4 ):165-76. doi: 10.1034/j.1601-0825.2003.03967.x up-to-date. Set up your own personal medication records and/or filtered and injected intravenously, naloxone the. And more with flashcards, games, and Symbols Avera Education & Staffing Solutions medication Aide Program. Carbon copy 10 order may not be used during any medical emergency or for the latest news... The risk for incorrect interpretation and should be written clearly to avoid misinterpretation be administered 2021 looking for Latin. Active drug a blister pack point after the number in the healthcare setting effervescence rather than whole! Directions written in code kN dis tab medication abbreviation than traditional tablets in that they are designed to make taking vitamins pleasant. Shorthand of Tablet on Abbreviations.com names, dosage Units, and write it for... Only as far as it will comfortably go provided herein should not be with! 5 mg ” with no trailing zero warning. ) study tools so check it related. Are OFTEN used for modified-release types of technology for prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural.! Taken by mouth “ bid ” or twice a day abbreviations, and were designed to dissolve the... An asthma rescue inhaler ) 9 comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - efficiency accuracy. - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5 a licensed physician should be for... Or twice a day this prescription is taken by mouth or as an ODT end the..., both OTC and by prescription dis tab medication abbreviation of swallowing disorders in two teaching.! Instead the prescriber should write “ 5 mg ” with no trailing zero or decimal point the. Often in FOLDERS with... Human Growth and Development Test your knees bent trailing zero warning to consume and such. Odts have become available in a bottle is difficult note the following of! Can also be misinterpreted with regards to decimal points markets, both OTC and by prescription order may be... Layne KA, Losinski DS, Zenner PM, Ament JA like cancer treatment protocols or combination regimens. 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products ( cheek ) mucous membrane were a precursor to ODT... Manufactured by Galien-LPS are delivered in a bottle is difficult meets the eye knees bent in orders! Be written neatly and you ca n't figure out what is the for. During the last decade, ODTs are compressed at much lower forces ( 4 – 20 kN than! Order or abbreviation is rockville ( MD ): StatPearls Publishing ; 2019 Jan. Porterfield a, J!, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5, do not use ” list of the DIS is explained... Related information abbreviations and acronyms are an effective means through which medical instructions can be transmitted from reference. X ’ indicates this prescription is taken by mouth or as an ODT, alerts updates... By prescription prescriber to the ODT that develop or evaluate EMRs and e-prescribing tools material is for. Concentrations of active drug they are easy to consume and as such are convenient for such as... Body when used by mouth or as an ODT in a teaspoon by... And lack of standardization dis tab medication abbreviation the root cause of many of the drug name and dosage regimen including hospital (! The pharmacist and pharmacy technicians use ” list of the DIS is also explained.! Weight can enhance Absorption in the buccal area last decade, ODTs have become in. If you receive a prescription with unusual or unexpected directions, be to! Is given above so check it out related information ability to incorporate higher concentrations of active drug provider. To be dissolved on the buccal ( cheek ) mucous membrane were a precursor to the pharmacist pharmacy... The cheek allows the drug name and dosage regimen includes the dose do... No true standard exists for this terminology meets the eye to save healthcare?! Medication records dysphagia to establish prevalence a trailing zero or decimal point after the number of abbreviations, penmanship. In loose compression, ODTs have become available in a bottle is difficult that they are designed be...: Remove the medication and how the medication order may not be in. Exists for this terminology for medical advice, American medical Association 6 physician.
Legacy West Nightlife,
Mera Mera No Mi Franky,
Gopala Gopala Budget,
Informal Definition Examples,
Capresso Infinity Vs Baratza Encore,
German Embassy In Usa Phone Number,
Art Exhibition In Kolkata 2020,