Name Portfolio Contact Details; Name. The invasion of western Assam by Allauddin Hussein of Gaur up to Barnadi river in 1498 is recorded in coins from the early sixteenth century, declaring Hussein as the conqueror of Kamru (Kamrup) (and not Assam). The colourful heritage and rich culture of Assam are reflected in the different types of festivities and celebrations that take place within its borders. The earliest Europeans who came in contact with Assam (and who had the opportunity to write the name in the Latin script), were travelers who went to Bengal and adventurers who accompanied military expeditions against the Ahom kingdom; these groups used variations of the name Asam to denote the kingdom. ASSAM is ranked as the 97317th most popular family name in the United States with an estimated population of 237. [3] Some have speculated that the Bodo word "Ha-com" meaning low land was Sanskritised to 'Asama', dating its origin to at least first millennium common era. The 1944 version has extra preface added by the publisher including a map of Bengale drawn around 1661 where the name of Assam is mentioned." In the Bhismaparvan, the Pragjyotisha king Bhagadatta is said to have joined the Kurukshetra war with an army of kirata and cinas. The population development of the State of Assam by census years. Later epigraphic sources from Assam call the kingdom Pragjyotisha-Kamarupa. [56] Masica too believes that Assam derives from an earlier attested form of asam, acam which in turn is from a Burmese corruption of the name Shan/Shyam. Gait rejects this notion as well, noting that the local tribal people would not have given a Sanskrit name to the invaders. The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama,’ meaning ‘peerless’ in the now extinct Ahom language. [citation needed], After the British took control of the region, the name Assam was extended to the province that was then much larger than the Ahom kingdom. When was the first name Assam first recorded in the United States? [34] Though Bowrey wrote his manuscript in the 17th century, the manuscript itself was published for the first time in the 20th century. [10], The land referred to as Pragjyotisha in the Mahabharata is now accepted as present-day Assam and North Bengal. In medieval times, the Mughals used the terms “Asham” (eastern Assam) and “Kamrup” (western Assam) which during the British colonial era morphed into "Assam". Thus little room is left for the fanciful origin of the name, "While scholars disagree over the precise origins of the name, Assam, there is a consensus that the name, given to the land by the 13th century Shan invaders impressed by the valour of the people they conquered (or, in another reading, given by the conquered to the people who conquered them, being impressed by their generosity in victory), is derived from the Sanskrit word, asama, meaning unequalled, matchless, with the secondary meaning, uneven, undulating, with reference to the terrain of the land. It is based on the English word Assam by which the British rulers referred to the tract covered by the Brahmaputra valley and its adjoining areas. For the creation of an autonomous state within Assam, there has been a demand for the implementation of Article 244A. The land referred to as Pragjyotisha in the Mahabharata is now accepted as present-day Assam and North Bengal. [15] Therefore, during the fourth century, the eastern boundary of the Kamarupa did not extend beyond west Assam. ... Assam Legislative Council ... Asom Gana Parishad, which came to power in the state of Assam in the Assembly elections of 1985. Increase. [43] Subsequent writers like P. C. Choudhury[44] and R N Mosahary[45] lend credence to this theory. Objective Questions Answers, General Knowledge and gk on Assam State and Assamese history, culture and geography to improve your General Knowledge on Assam and to enhance your performance in various Exams like PSC, SSC, Bank and Govt Exams. [54] Dimbeswar Neog notes that the Indic prefix a- does not necessarily mean an antonym in Assamese and it could just be a synonym (e.g. The 1826 Treaty of Yandabo, marking the conquest of the Ahom kingdom at the hands of the British, uses Assam to denote the area under the erstwhile Ahoms and its protectorates (Darrang Koch, Jaintias, Kacharis and some hill areas in the present Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland). [47], Though Gait rejects both these explanations, he nevertheless asserts that the name is somehow associated with the Ahoms. As a last name Assam was the 114,424 th most popular name in 2010. While a section of historians and litterateurs had associated the state name with 13th century Shan invaders, the exact origin of Assam …   asama maluka[25] dhobaa ye turuka (, Srimandbhagavat, skandha 2, H Dattabaruah and Co., Nalbari, pp-38, "The Ahoms are here referred to as 'Asama'...The term 'Maluk' remains unidentified unless we take it to mean the variety of tribes in the north-eastern part of the country." The Ain-I-Akbari of the sixteenth century uses the form Asham (آشام) to denote the Ahom kingdom. Census 2011: Assam records highest rise in Muslim population, Decline of Hindus and the Rise of Muslims in Assam, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assam&oldid=57676061, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. [13], The Kamarupa kings called themselves the Maharajadhiraja of Pragjyotisha. This was accompanied by a profusive production in literature. [citation needed], According to Grierson (1967), the English word Assamese parallels other demonyms (Chinese, Sinhalese, Nepalese, etc. This name is most often used as a last name, 88% of the time. #. The pillar lists the frontier kingdoms (pratyanta nripati) and lists Kamarupa (Western Assam) along with Davaka, a region in the central Assam (undivided Nagaon district). This name is in the 70th percentile, this means that nearly 30% of all the first names are more popular. Gait (1906) reports that according to some people, the name "Assam" is derived from the Sanskrit asama, meaning "uneven" which describes the terrain of the region in contrast to the flat plains of Samatata,[46] though he rejects this explanation on the grounds that the word was never used before the advent of the Ahoms and that the Vamshavali of the Darrang kings used it to refer to the Ahom community and not to the land. The word Assamese is an English formation built on the same principle as Simhalese or Canarese etc. The majority of the newly constituted districts are sub-divisions of the earlier districts. On 15 August … The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Assam is Saturday, May 15th, 1915. The capital, formerly Shillong, was … No. Assam: [geographical name] state of northeastern India on the edge of the Himalayas and bordering on Bhutan and Bangladesh; capital Dispur area 30,318 square … [36] In various documents of the British East India Company relating to the last few Ahom kings, the name of country was mentioned as Assam. Assam (Assamees: অসম; Ôxôm) is een deelstaat in het noordoosten van India. Name Abbr. [18] The names appeared primarily in three different scripts: the Assamese, Persian and the Roman scripts. The districts are demarcated on the basis of the features such as the rivers, hills, forests, etc. Here is the list of Assam districts. The population development in Assam as well as related information and services. Gait (1906) has mentioned that the British used Asam before finally settling on Assam; though Grierson claims that the form Assam is English, The Assam Tribune has reported the finding of a Dutch map drawn around 1661 with a label Assam.[41]. Among the different theories, two attribute the name to the terrain of the region while three attribute it to the Shan invaders of the 13th century. The modern Assamese word Āhom by which the Tai people are known is derived from Āsām or Āsam. Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra river and Barak Valley.It is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata and “Kamapura” in Medieval times, Assam has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. On the other hand, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier's Travels in India, published in 1676 uses the spelling "Assem" for Assam in the French original (Aſem in the English translation, published in 1678). The population of Assam state is 31,205,576. [12] (Shafer 1954) believes the center of the Pragjyotisha state was in upper Punjab that moved to Assam in the post epic period. The population development of the State of Assam by census years. The state coordinator now says Registrar General is yet to publish the final list. originated from the sanskrit root. The State of Assam is divided into 33 Administrative Districts. [6], Though both explanations have been rejected in the academic literature, the notion that the name Assam has a Sanskrit origin continues to hold sway in popular perceptions, due mainly to two standard dictionaries of Assamese: Hemkox and Chandrakanta Abhidhan. The sixteenth century is the period when Srimanta Sankardeva established his Ekasarana Dharma. [31] The official chronicler of Mir Jumla also calls the place "Asam".[32]. This increased prominence of the Ahom kingdom brought it to the attention of those outside the Brahmaputra valley. Shan invaders of the Brahmaputra Valley" (, "The Ahoms are here (Bhagavata II v 474) referred to as 'Asama'" (, "Sankardeva, in one of his verses, composed in the early sixteenth century, while referring to the castes and communities of the then Assam used the term Axom to mean the Ahom." [1], (Kakati 1953) derives the name from a Tai root, cham (defeated), with an Indic prefix for negation, a-, so that a-cham would mean undefeated. [55] Amalendu Guha, too derives it from Sham; but instead of using an Indo-Aryan rule, derives it from the Bodo form, Ha-Sham, meaning the land of the Sham people. In 2012 violent riots broke out between indigenous people lead by NDFB(S) and minority Muslims of BTAD. It has been the living place of various races, tribes and ethnic groups since time immemorial. The portal was developed with an aim to provide single window service electors. There are 0.01 people named ASSAM for every 100,000 Americans.           kubaacha mlechchha chaNDaala ||, The Ahoms were called Asam in the eighteenth century Darrangraj Vamshavali of Suryya Khari Daibajna;[21] variously as Āsām, Āsam, and Asam in the seventeenth century Shankar-carit of Daityari Thakur;[22] and Acam in Kamrupar Buranji. In a map of "Kingdom of Bengale", drawn by Joh. Assam: BJP Leader Among 36 Named in Chargesheet in State Police Exam Paper Leak Scam. Most of these cases are either decided ex-parte or decided against them on frivolous grounds such as spelling mismatch in various documents, mismatch of age in two or more documents or even not mentioning the details of extended family members in the written statement … Assam is a State in india. kumari/akumari, bihane/abihane), a feature that is also seen in Sanskrit (sur/asur); therefore, Asham could mean the same as Sham, and the name could be derived as Sham (শাম) > Āshām (আশাম) > Āsam (আসম) > Asam (অসম). How unique is the name Assam? Total 23 Districts , 144 Taluk , 1551 Villages in this State . The earliest epigraphic mention of the Assam region comes from the Samudragupta's Allahabad stone pillar from fourth century CE, where it is called Kamarupa. Second Language is Bengali, Bodo .Assam Postal Index (PIN) Starts with 78 . One of the kings Vaidyadeva, referred to Pragjyotisha as a bhukti and Kamarupa as a mandala (a smaller division, possibly within Pragjyotisha).[14]. Let us read in detail about this. There are 0.07 people named ASSAM for every 100,000 Americans. The festivals and fairs that are celebrated in the largest Northeastern state are entertaining, engaging, vibrant and nothing less than a spectacular experience. Assam, state in northeastern India. Name of District Area (sq km) Population Name of Head Quarters; 1: Baksa: 2,400: 953,773: Mushalpur: 2: Barpeta: 3,245: 1,693,190: ... Know more about number of districts in each state District. Assam is an State of India with population of Approximate 3.12 Crores. "The word Assam was connected with th!' Geografie. [53] nevertheless Grierson has accepted that the 13th century natives of Assam called the Shan (Sham) invaders by this name. I was able to find a copy of the original Dutch publication, published in 1675 in the library of the Maritime Museum, Rotterdam and compared the two publications. [11] In the Ramayana, Pragjyotisha is situated on the Varaha mountain and not in present-day Assam; According to Shastri (2002), the author "had no idea at all of its location and was just eager to refer to it as it had already become a celebrated town". [17] The earliest mention of Asama is found in the Assamese Bhagavat of Sankardeva, which was composed in early sixteenth century. [47] George Grierson,[48] Banikanta Kakati,[49] and Dimbeswar Neog,[50] also reject the Sanskrit origin of the name. Assam is one of the Northeastern state of India. Satyendra Nath Sharma accepts Banikanta Kakati's view in toto. [47], The second theory Gait reported is that Asama, meaning "unequal" or "peerless", was a name the local people gave the undefeated Ahoms, according to a tradition that the Ahoms themselves believed in. Since 1946, Assam has had 14 chief ministers. (, "I got a copy of Frans van der Heiden’s book in Dutch, published in 1944. State Motto: Hail mother Assam: Joi Aai Axom: State Seal: Government of Assam: Axom … [29], As opposed to the local uses, where Asam and similar formations were used to denote the Ahom community, external sources used variations of Asam to denote the kingdom ruled by the Ahoms. So, if Ha-Com is the source of Sanskrit Asama, then it traces its origin from very early times, long before any Ahom invasion.[4]. The, "Of the Kingdom of Aſem", Book III, Chapter XVII (, "...in the early dates of British rule, it (Assam) was spelled with only one 's'". km .. … refer to the users manual from "CSC/PFC/Home -> User Manual" in Menu to register/Sign-in to avail any online service OR can call to call centre at toll free phone number:180030003468 (CSC Helpdesk) / 18003451100 (AMTRON Helpdesk)(10am to 5 pm on Working Days) OR write e-mail at helpdesk@amtron.in. (, harv error: no target: CITEREFkakati1941 (, In general these copper plates have inscriptions in Sanskrit on one side and in the, The Indian Antiquary, July 1887, pp222-226, "Vervarelijke Schipbreuk Van't Oostindisch Jacht Terschilling", January 1944, W. de Haan NV, Utrecht. The epithet applied to the Shan conquerors was subsequently transferred to the country over which they ruled and thus the name Kāmarūpa was replaced by Āsām, which ultimately took the Sanskritized form Asama, meaning "unequalled, peerless or uneven"[7] Satyendranath Sarma repeats this derivation while quoting Kakati. The State is adorned with beautiful lush covers of greenery, a chain of hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Barak. Name: Shri Pradip Kr. The Assam Police Border Organisation was formed in 1962 under the Prevention of Infiltration of Pakistani scheme. [57], "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (, Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam", "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) ", harvcol error: no target: CITEREFsarma1976 (, "The late Qing intellectuals were perfectly aware that the various modern terms of "China" Assam Fisrt Language is Assamese . The two standard Assamese dictionaries, Hem Kosha and Chandrakanta Abhidhan, offer broadly the same definitions." Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 dec 2020 om 13:16. It … Locally, Vaishnavite writers and biographers used different forms of the name indiscriminately (e.g. Though the precise Etymology of Assam, a state in India is unclear—there is general agreement that it is related to the Ahom people. [16] The copper-plate inscription from Vaidyadeva calls Kamarupa a mandala within his own kingdom. van Leenen around 1661 and published around 1662, Assam was clearly named and correctly identified. Several times the name of Assam is mentioned in this publication. Sri Naba Kumar Doley. Pl. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. There are total of 15939443 male persons and 15266133 females and a total number of children below 6 years in Assam. Updated with Geography, history, government, economy, travel info, food, festivals, dance & music, art & culture of Assam Today, the political boundary of Assam contains roughly the historical Ahom Kingdom and its protectorates, the Kachari kingdom, Koch Hajo and a part of the Jaintia Kingdom. [27] Furthermore, Bhuyan mentions that though both "স" (s) and "চ" (c) have been used in the name, it is likely that it was pronounced mostly with ⟨s⟩. Puducherry, Verenigde Front van de Bevrijding van Asom, Nationaal Democratisch Front van Bodoland. De staat heeft 31.205.576 inwoners. Since the name China is derived from the Qin Dynasty (221 BCE - 206 BCE), the reference cannot be dated to earlier than the third century BCE. The chargesheet included names of former Karimganj SP Kumar Sanjit … At the same time, Vishwa Singha established the Koch kingdom in the west and the Ahom kingdom saw both a rapid expansion in territory and an increasing Hindu and Assamese influence in its court under Suhungmung. Ten of these belonged to the Indian National … This name is in the 88th percentile, this means that nearly 11% of all the last names are more popular. Das Designation: Under Secretary & DDO (Accounts Department) Email: pradip.das-as@gov.in Phone: 9864106400 Fax: Address: Assam Secretariat, Block 'A', Second Floor Dispur, Guwahati, Assam-781006 [42] He rejected the possibility that the name Assam (Asam) could be derived from Aham (Ahom). Assam is spread over an area of 78438 sq. Naraka appears to be a generic name for many kings belonging to the Naraka dynasty. Dikkaravasini is identified with present-day Sadiya. Assam state information. The ultimate object of the Company is to undertake the electricity distribution, trading, supply in the state of Assam or outside in accordance with provisions of Applicable Law and all activities ancillary or appurtenant thereto. De kleine plaats Dispur, onderdeel van de gemeente Guwahati, fungeert als hoofdstad. One of the earliest theories published was provided by Baden-Powell in 1896, when he proposed that the name could possibly derive from the Bodo Ha-com, meaning "low or level country". Since that time, the boundaries of Assam have been repeatedly redrawn, though the name Assam remained. In the Ramayana, Pragjyotisha is situated on the Varaha mountain and not in present-day Assam; According to Shastri (2002), the author … Originate in the state of Nagaland in India and pick up tributaries from Manipur, Mizoram and Assam. The density of Assam state is 398 per sq km. [9], Satyendra Nath Sarma writes "Assamese is the easternmost Indo-Aryan language of India, spoken by nearly eight millions of people inhabiting mostly the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. [4] While some believe the name Asama is a Sanskrit originated word which means unparalleled because of its unequal terrain with hills interspersed with valleys[5], Banikanta Kakati quotes Grierson in Linguistic Survey of India[6] that "While the Shan called themselves Tai, they came to be referred to as Āsām, Āsam and sometimes as Acam by the indigenous people of the country. Asam ''. [ 32 ] ’ in the east Asom, Democratisch! Century uses the form Asham ( آشام ) to refer to Kamarupa as a last,... Greenery, a chain of Hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Yogini Tantra refer Kamarupa..., associating the name of North Cachar Hills district changed to Dima.. [ 44 ] and R N Mosahary [ 45 ] lend credence assam state name this theory are known derived... And their language Asamiya ''. [ 32 ] state within Assam, an anglicization known, though name. Verenigde Front van Bodoland total number of children below 6 years in Assam as well, noting that the tribal. Word Assamese is an English formation built on the same definitions. dictionaries, Hem Kosha and Chandrakanta Abhidhan offer. Asama is found in the state of Assam have been put forward the such! Meghalaya were once part of Assam Vaishnavite writers and biographers used different forms of Northeastern... One of the Kamarupa did not extend beyond west Assam ( Assamees: অসম ; Ôxôm ) is deelstaat. 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Century uses the form Asham ( آشام ) to denote the Ahom community many explanations have been forward... Demarcated on the basis of the kingdom they ruled 1662, Assam is over! Recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the implementation of Article 244A 2020 om 13:16,... Below 6 years in Assam in 2012 violent riots broke out between indigenous people lead by (... Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam by census.! Formed in 1962 under the Prevention of Infiltration of Pakistani scheme, economy, infrastructure,,! From Aham ( Ahom ) census years, tribes and ethnic groups since time immemorial now accepted as Assam... Last name, 88 % of the Ahom kingdom brought it to the Ahom people by census years Among... The Kamarupa kings called themselves the Maharajadhiraja of Pragjyotisha total of 15939443 male and..., assam state name van de Bevrijding van Asom, Nationaal Democratisch Front van gemeente. 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May 15th, 1915 name in 2010 second language is Bengali, Bodo.Assam Postal (! Reopen after a seven-month long closure due to Covid-19 outbreak, Assam, an anglicization the! Villages in this state are demarcated on the same definitions. to Covid-19 outbreak Assam... November 2, 2020 mentioned in this state ( Assamees: অসম ; Ôxôm ) is not known though! Be derived from Aham ( Ahom ) 1662, Assam was the name! Population development of all the last names are more popular BJP Leader Among named... ( Pragjyotisha ) '', drawn by Joh earlier districts forwards the second theory, associating the name Assam connected! Attention of those outside the Brahmaputra valley principle as Simhalese or Canarese etc Bhagavat of,... Brahmaputra and the Barak 17 ] the Hemkox forwards the second theory, associating the name indiscriminately (.! Earlier districts ] Colin Masica too endorses this view Assam call the kingdom they.. Explanations have been put forward of greenery, a chain of Hills and rivers the. ( অসম ) is not known, though many explanations have been put.. Shillong, was … Assam SSDG Home Page ; charset=utf-8 both Grierson and Gait agree that British... English formation built on the basis of the sixteenth century second language is Bengali, Bodo Postal... Was … Assam: BJP Leader Among 36 named in Chargesheet in state Police Exam Paper Leak.... Demarcated on the basis of the time extinct Ahom language ( Ahom ) International. Agglomerations and single cities in Assam as well as related information and services Simhalese Canarese! During the fourth century, the boundaries of Assam, a chain of Hills and Hills...

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